Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world above sea level with a miraculous height of 8,848 meters. Mount Everest is undoubtedly the glorious and majestic art of nature. Many people around the world are curious to know about this miracle, so let us know about Mount Everest, its history, and location and several other facts relating to it.
What Country is Mount Everest in?
Mount Everest is such a glorious monument by nature. If are having even just a flick of thought of doing something exciting and daring out of your mundane life, then my friend, pack your back and buy yourself an air ticket to Nepal because this magnificent mountain lies in the Himalayan Range in Asia in the small, yet beautiful country, Nepal.
Well, of course, you don’t need to climb to the summit to experience the thrill or you can if you want to, you can go for Everest Base Camp trek, where your destination will be up to the base camp of Everest climbers. Mount Everest also touches Tibet, but it is from Nepal where you can climb the Everest.
Where is the Country of Mount Everest and how to reach?
As I said above Mount Everest lies in Nepal, an Asian country. Everest lies between Nepal and Tibet, but Nepal is the main gateway to the Mount Everest and tourists prefer this way to make it to the peak.
Nepal lies in South East Asia. Nepal is a country of brave Gurkhas, who fought with great valor in World War II, it is also the country blessed with natural beauty and is rich in culture and tradition. Nepal is a small and landlocked country which lies between China and India, so the best way to reach out is by air. You may not find a direct plane to Nepal from your country, but Nepal has international flights from India, Dubai, Qatar, Malaysia, China, Indonesia, Thailand and Bangladesh.
Your ticketing and traveling arrangements can be done through several travel agencies and tourism agencies too.
What are the routes to climb Mount Everest?
As you know now Mount Everest lies between Nepal and Tibet; this makes two routes to climb to the peak, Nepal side (the southeast ridge) and Tibet side (the north ridge). The Southeast Ridge, which is from Nepal, is considered as the safe and secure route than from the North Ridge of Tibet and it has been concluded from the several past expeditions. Climbers choose the route from Nepal not only for mountaineering reason but also for bureaucratic reasons too.
Form the Southeast ridge of Nepal; climbers begin their real journey to the peak at the height of 17,598 feet from Everest Base Camp. You can also choose to climb from the North Ridge of Tibet. However, the routes are challenging and rescue operations are insufficient and very complicated because flying helicopters in Tibetan side is not allowed. It is all because of the political restrictions and regional disputes between Tibet and China. So, Southeast ridge is the way more accessible route to climb the Mount Everest.
What is the geographical location of Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is located at 27 59’ North Latitude, 86 55’ East Longitude. Mount Everest is at a distance of about 160.51 kilometers which is 99.74 miles from Kathmandu.
The naming of Mount Everest
History of Mount Everest’s height
The current standard height of Mount Everest is 8,848 meters; however because of small collisions in tectonic plates, the height increased every year by 0.25 inch. The government of Nepal plans to remeasure the height of Mount Everest in coming years.
A Brief History of Mount Everest
The first survey of the mountain was done in 1715 by the Qing Empire while mapping its territory and called it Mount Qomolangma no later than 1719. However, the official and recorded history of the Mount Everest was by Trigonometric Survey of British India in 1865 estimating the height if the Everest at 8,840 meters. The current height, 8,848 meters is officially given by both Nepal and China after several surveys.
A curiosity developed among peoples around the word after, Clinton Thomas Dent, an author, surgeon, mountaineer, also the president of Alpine Club suggested in his book Snow Line in 1885 that climbing Mount Everest was possible.
George Mallory and Guy Bullock discovered the northern approach on the initial of 1921 British Reconnaissance Expedition. It was just an expedition, not an equipped serious attempt to climb the mountain. George Mallory even made up to an altitude of 7,005 meters but couldn’t make it any further, and he returned with his team. Then on June 8, 1921, George Mallory and Andrew Irvine made n attempt through Northeast Ridge, and they never returned.
According to the official record, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa are the first to climb the Mount Everest successfully. They reached the peak by Southeast ridge on May 29, 1953, at 11:30. It was the ninth expedition of the British team. After the success of the expedition, it was acknowledged as the team effort, however, in later years, Tenzing revealed that Hillary was the first one to put his foot on the summit.
In 1970, an expedition was carried out by Japanese with a decade over plan via a new route up the southwest face. But the expedition failed with eight deaths, but the expedition was a success in some level as Yuichiro Miura became the first person to ski down Everest from South Col. However, in 1975, a Japanese woman, Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Mount Everest Deaths and Dangers
Attitude higher than 8,000 meters is called the Death Zone, where oxygen levels are too thin, and the temperature is too low. The primary cause of deaths is an avalanche, falls, lack of oxygen, exposure to extreme cold and altitude sickness.